Smart Couple Television Spots

Nepalese woman and child

© 2013 Valerie Caldas/ Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs, Courtesy of Photoshare

In Nepal, the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) aims to strengthen the institutional and technical capacity of the National Health Education Information Communication Centre (NHEICC) within the Ministry of Health and Population to design, implement and evaluate social and behavior change and communication (SBCC) programs for family planning.

Background

Despite the many barriers to access health services in Nepal, the government has made considerable progress in improving the reproductive health of its people over the last two decades. There has been substantial progress in reducing maternal mortality, under-five mortality and the total fertility rate. Yet despite these gains, Nepal’s progress on Millennium Development Goal 5(b) – universal access to reproductive health, as measured by the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR), and by the level of unmet need for family planning – has slowed in recent years. This lag takes a high toll on women’s and children’s health and affects the life plans and dreams of young couples nationwide.

The numbers are large – fully 56 percent of Nepal’s adult women, aged 15-49, are below 30 years old. Health research shows that only 12 percent of young married couples are using Family Planning (FP) to delay the first birth, fewer than 32 percent adopt FP to have birth-space between their first and second child and fewer than 13 percent are using FP within 2 months after delivery. At the same time, special needs groups including marginalized communities and migrants need to be addressed as well.

Project Overview

The Nepal HC3 Project is four-year, $5-million project that focuses on youth, adolescents, migrants and marginalized and disadvantaged groups. The national-level project works closely with the NHEICC, which is in charge of national SBCC efforts and the Family Health Division (FHD), to support comprehensive, targeted SBCC campaigns and advocacy among these groups. Nepal HC3 will also develop the overall institutional and technical capacity of NHEICC with the ultimate goal of improving reproductive health outcomes in Nepal.

Program Activities

Strategic Objectives

  • Increase modern contraceptive use among ‘1000-day Couples,’ or young, low-parity women and men, specifically:
    • Increase age of first birth
    • Improve timing of FP use after delivery
    • Increase optimal birth-spacing practices
    • Increase long-term method use
  • Reduce unmet need among marginalized and disadvantaged groups (MDAGs)
  • Improve contraceptive use dynamics among migrants (timing of initiation, discontinuation)

Overarching National Umbrella Campaign

  • National level orientation, coordination and advocacy among policy makers
  • FP Communication Strategy development led by the NHEICC
  • Harmonization of existing and new messages among partners
  • Umbrella campaign and media and materials development
  • Sustainable planning and management of interpersonal communication and counselling print materials
  • Evaluation of FP/Reproductive Health social and behavioral change and communication

Youth, Adolescent, Migrants, Marginalized and Disadvantaged Groups (MDAGs) Extension Campaigns

  • Design, implement and evaluate the extension of SBCC campaigns for youth, adolescents, migrants and MDAGs, with special focus on greatest unmet need for FP
  • Collect and analyze existing BCC materials, media and methods
  • Develop a communication tools package
  • Conceptualize, test and roll out the innovative media and SBCC approaches

Strengthen Institutional and Technical Capacity for NHEICC, FHD and Partners

  • Collaboration and coordination with NHEICC, FHD and other stakeholders
  • Establish a baseline for capacity strengthening with the NHEICC by applying a SBCC capacity strengthening assessment tool
  • Assess and help NHEICC to train, monitor and mentor 240 new constituency-level health inspectors
  • Explore the incorporation of health promotion components into an Masters in Public Health course
  • Comprehensive capacity strengthening for NHEICC and partners using a mixture of applied learning, mentoring, formal training, and strengthening of existing and new institutional systems
  • Action plan and target milestones development based on the assessment

Key Results

Contacts, referrals and services through HC3 district model April 2015 – March 2016.

The Nepal HC3 Project has launched an aspirational and pragmatic campaign that aims to reposition family planning for the next generation and, thereby, increase FP use among young married couples across the country. It has also broadcast multiple campaign advertisements under the campaign slogan “Parivar Niyojan Smart Banchha Jeewan (family planning makes a smart life). Television spots can be seen to the left. Other campaign activities included:

  • Maximizing contacts among eligible couples (newlyweds and 1000-day couples) through skilled referral agents (FCHVs and Peer Educators)
  • Increasing referrals from community to “Hamro Swasthya Kendra” (Our Health Center)
  • Enhancing Quality of Counseling (IPC-C) and FP services provided by health workers at “Hamro Swasthya Kendra”
  • Systematically contacting and referring “1000-Day” couples through:
    • Expanded immunization/outreach clinics program
    • Mothers group meeting
    • Household visits
  • Improving IPC-Counseling at Hamro Swasthya Kendra (Health Facilitates)
  • Promoting FP service through family planning camps and LARC availability
  • Planning regional, large-scale “Smart Couple” PR and celebration events (Fairs/Melas)
  • Street dramas, community school programs (among MDAGs)
  • Local FM radio airing of “Smart Couple” campaign spots, Radio Help Desk
  • Managed an active social media campaign that included a couple-focused “Smart Dampati” contest on Facebook

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